How to write an argumentative Essay Outline

Writing an essay needs skill and a good understanding of the type of essay required. Argumentative essays are among the different types of essays you are likely to encounter in your studies. As the name suggests, an argumentative essay is an argument with two sides that tests your persuasion abilities when addressing a particular audience. The essence is to show how well you understand the subject. Consequently, you state the side you are supporting and your reasons behind it through a strong thesis statement.

Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you write an outstanding argumentative essay outline:


An argumentative essay outline begins with a hook that introduces the topic. The following sentence provides necessary background information that shapes the argument, outlining the evidence. Briefly mention the opposing side as well to give the reader a glimpse into both sides.

  • Thesis Statement

When writing an essay, the thesis statement highlights the central ideas in one sentence, which comes at the end of the introductory paragraph. Specifically, the thesis statement in the outline for an argumentative essay, shows the side you will support, followed by the reasons behind it.

  • Body

The body paragraphs in the argumentative essay outline are broken down into topic sentences, which expresses the main idea for each section. A typical argumentative essay will comprise more than three paragraphs to allow yourself to cover the subject more deeply.

Your arguments are backed up by research, statics where applicable, which are followed by in-text citations. Additionally, you may use real-life scenarios to make your readers understand your argument more directly.  

  • Rebuttals

A rebuttal is a counter-argument where you both reinforce your claim and challenge your own side as well. It could be one paragraph or more, depending on the essay’s requirements. It helps you to answer the question, “Does writing my essay allow me to acknowledge that an opposing side exists?”. However, you must turn around your counter-arguments to strengthen your own thesis. Therefore, you should not strongly focus on it to the extent of confusing your readers on which side you are supporting.

  • Conclusion

A conclusion is basically a summary of all the ideas you have discussed in your essay. It does not include any new information but instead tries to convince the reader that your side is stronger and more valid than the opposing side.

When writing your essay, planning and organizing your ideas is crucial and therefore, always create an outline for your argumentative essay even before you start the actual writing process. It helps guide your thought process and research by stating all secondary sources you will use in writing.

You must defend your argument through strong, well-researched and balanced paragraphs that affirms your prowess as a skilled essay writer. A strong argumentative essay strives to appeal to the reader’s emotions through the persuasion you present, compelling them to take action.

Do you think your argumentative essay outline follows these simple steps? If your answer is yes, you have conquered the art of writing an outstanding argumentative essay!  

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