Clinical Social Work Practice
1.What is the Social Work Practice?
2.What is the Clinical Social Work Practice?
3.What are their differences?
Social Workers Registration Board
Code of Practice
1. Social workers\’ primary mission is to help people in need and to strive to address social problems. (社工的首要使命為協助有需要的人士及致力處理社會問題。) (SWRB Code of Practice)
2. Social workers respect the unique value and dignity of every human being irrespective of one\’s ethnicity, color, family/social/national origin, nationality, culture, birth, sex, age, language, beliefs, political and other opinion, family/social/economic status, disability, educational attainment, contribution to society, or sexual orientation. (社工尊重每一個人的獨特價值和尊嚴，並不因個人的族裔、膚色、家庭/ 社會/國家本源、國籍、文化、出生、性別、年齡、語言、信仰、政治或其他主張、家庭/社會/經濟地位、殘疾、教育程度、對社會的貢獻或性傾向而有所分別。)
(SWRB Code of Practice)
3. Social workers believe that individuals have the potential to develop and thus accepts a responsibility to encourage and facilitate the self-realization of individuals with due regard to the interest of others. (社工相信每一個人都有發展的潛質，因而有責任鼓勵及協助個人在顧及他人權益的情況下實現自我。) (SWRB Code of Practice)
4. Social workers accept responsibility to advance social justice and to safeguard the cause of human rights. (社工有責任維護人權及促進社會公義。) (SWRB Code of Practice)
5. Social workers believe that each society, regardless of its form, should provide maximum benefits to its members. (社工相信任何社會都應為其公民謀取最大的福祉。) (SWRB Code of Practice
6. Social workers accept responsibility to update, upgrade and devote their professional knowledge and skills to the betterment of individuals and society, with the aim to empower people to act on their own behalves as far as possible. (社工有責任更新、提升及運用本身的專業知識和技能去推動個人和社會的進步，務求每一個人都能盡量發揮自己的所能。) (SWRB Code of Practice)
7. Social workers recognise the central importance of human relationships and seek to strengthen relationships among people in a purposeful effort to promote, maintain and enhance the well-being of individuals, families, social groups, organizations and communities for the prevention and relief of hardship and suffering. (社工認同人際關係的重要性，會盡力加強人際關係，務求維持、促進及提高個人、家庭、社團、機構、社群的福祉，幫助社會大眾預防及減少困境與痛苦。) (SWRB Code of Practice
- What are the implications of SWRB Code of Practice to social work practice?
- What are the required competences (knowledge, attitudes, and skills)?
- What are the purposes for you to be a social worker?
- What are the field of services do you want to work with (and along and / or for)?
- What made you choose the target group, and service for your Practicum I?
- What had you learnt from your past two years?
- Could you find the social work values from the SWRB Code of Practice?
- Could you find the social work principles from
- the SWRB Code of Practice?
- Could you find the required skills/techniques of social work practice from the SWRB Code of Practice?
- Could you explain the knowledge important to social work practice from the SWRB Code of Practice?
Social Work Practice
Social work practice consists of the professional application of social work values, principles, and techniques to one or more of the following ends: helping people obtain tangible services; counseling and psychotherapy with individuals, families, and groups; helping communities or groups provide or improve social and health services; and participating in legislative processes. -The practice of social work requires knowledge of human development and behavior; of social, economic, and cultural institutions; and of the interaction of all these factors.
International Federation of Social Workers’ Definition of Social work
The social work profession promotes social change, problem-solving in human relationships and the empowerment and liberation of people to enhance well-being. Utilizing theories of human behavior and social systems, social work interventions at the points where people interact with their environments. Principles of human rights and social justice are fundamental to social work (IFSW, 2000)
What is the Clinical Social Work Practice?
Use the situation in the United States as example
- Clinical social work is a specialty practice area of social work which focuses on the assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illness, emotional, and other behavioral disturbances. Individual, group and family therapy are common treatment modalities. Clinical social workers specialize in mental health and substance abuse; medical and public health; or child, family, and school social work. They may also work in research, administration, policy-making, or public planning. They perform services in a variety of settings including private practice, hospitals, community mental health, primary care, and agencies.
Clinical social workers are likely to address individual and family problems such as serious illness, substance abuse, and domestic conflict. A master’s degree in social work and be licensed by the state are necessary to provide clinical services.
- They all require an MSW. MSW programs often allow students to specialize in a particular area of practice, such as substance abuse counseling, child and family social work, mental health counseling, and disability services.
- Knowledge base theories of biological, psychological, social development; diversity & cultural competency; interpersonal relationships; family & group dynamics; mental disorders; addictions; impacts of illness, trauma, or injury; & the effects of the physical, social, and cultural environment.
To protects the public by ensuring that social workers have the proper education and training, licensure for social workers is common practice across the US. Because licenses are granted to social workers by each state’s regulatory board, criteria for licensure and levels of licensure vary by state.
Social Work Licensure Requirements by State, refers to the below link:
- MSW, clinical practice for not less than 2 years, completed required supervised work hours, pass a clinical-level standardized exam. clinical social work professional
- Flexible & skillful application of knowledge, theories, and methods in a bio-psychosocial approach
- Interventions direct person-to-person(s) process with people of all ages range in nature from preventive, crisis, and psycho-educational services to collaborative client advocacy & brief and long-term counseling or psychotherapy
- engage in indirect practice (administration, research, teaching, writing)
- engage in career-long continuing clinical education
- adhere to a professional code of ethics
Clinical Social Work Described
- maintain or improve the quality of services provided by clinical social workers
- establish professional expectations to assist social workers in monitoring and evaluating their clinical practice
- provide a framework for clinical social workers to assess responsible, professional behavior
- inform consumers, government regulatory bodies, and others about the professional standards for clinical social work practice.
What are the differences between Social Work & Clinical Social Work?
Clinical vs Direct Practice Social Work
Clinical Social Work
- Minimum degree level needed to work in the field : Master’s
- Popular career paths: Mental Health Counselor, Group Therapist, and Substance Abuse Counselor
- License required? Yes
- Assume greater responsibilities than a social worker who is not licensed.
Social Work Practice
- Minimum degree level needed to work in the field : Bachelor\’s
- Popular career paths: Case Manager, Care Coordinator, and Community Health Worker
- License required? Sometimes
Clinical vs Direct Practice Social Work
What is the development of Clinical Social Work Practice in Hong Kong?
– Academic requirements /Working experiences of social workers in particular fields or posts?
– Different levels and concentration on academic trainings in different Universities/Institutes?
– Licensure for social workers ?